Leaders of South and North Korea met on April 27 in the demilitarized zone between their countries. The two leaders held hands and crossed into North Korea and then into South Korea. They have agreed to work towards having a more peaceful relationship and to officially declare an end to the 1950s Korean War. This was a historic meeting as the two nations have not gotten along in the past.
Both Koreas also took down their loudspeakers at their border. For many years now, South Korea has been blasting Korean-pop music, world news, and other propaganda into North Korea. North Korea has been broadcasting negative messages about the South Korean government while praising its own into South Korea. The North Korean leader also said that his nation will change its clocks to match the time in South Korea. Currently, North Korea is in a time zone that is 30 minutes behind South Korea.
North and South Korea were part of a single country called Korea. In 1910, the Japanese occupied Korea and ruled it until the Second World War. When the war ended in 1945, the Japanese had to give up control of Korea. Korea was then occupied by the Soviet Union in the north and the United States in the south. A line in the middle (called the 38th Parallel since it was at the latitude 38 degrees north) was drawn and two countries, North and South Korea, were created in 1948.
North Korea attacked South Korea in 1950, starting the three-year Korean War. After the war ended, a peace treaty was not signed by the two, and so the countries are technically still at war. The border between North and South Korea became the most guarded border in the world, and the two countries have evolved very differently from each other.
North Korea has been led by people from the same family since it was founded. Kim Jong-un (image) is the current leader, and his grandfather and father were the leaders before him. There isn’t much communication between North Korea and the rest of the world. The government very strictly controls many aspects of its citizens’ lives.
South Korea is democratic. The citizens of the country have a very high standard of living, and South Koreans are one of the world’s most hi-tech people. The current president is Moon Jae-in (image).
Korean is the official language of both North and South Korea. The Korean alphabet is called Hangul. A popular Korean food is kimchi, a dish made of pickled vegetables. Taekwondo is a form of martial arts that originates from Korea. Hanbok is a traditional dress of Korea.
Here is a video about this news story.
Image Credits: Yonhap News and Korea.net for the images of the loudspeakers and the Korean leaders shaking hands, 2018 Inter-Korean Summit Press Corps and Korea.net for the images of Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in, Rishabh Tatiraju for the map image of the demilitarized zone, United States federal government for the images of the Korean war
Sources: NPR, Korea.net, https://www.britannica.com, Newsy