South Koreans have elected Moon Jae-in as their next president. One of his campaign promises is to resume friendly talks with North Korea. He has also promised to create more jobs. He is a former human rights lawyer. His parents were refugees from North Korea.
The previous president Park Geun-hye was removed from office in March. She was accused of giving classified information to her friend, who used the information to meddle in government affairs and get money from businesses. Park is currently in prison awaiting trial.
North and South Korea have not been getting along in recent times. The two nations were part of a single country called Korea for over four thousand years. In 1910, the Japanese occupied Korea and ruled it until the Second World War. When the war ended in 1945, the Japanese had to give up control of Korea. Korea was then occupied by the Soviet Union in the north and the United States in the south. A line in the middle (called the 38th Parallel since it was at the latitude 38 degrees north) was drawn and two countries, North and South Korea, were created in 1948. After the two countries were created, North Korea attacked South Korea in 1950, starting the three year Korean war. After the war ended, the border between North and South Korea became the most guarded border in the world, and the two countries have evolved very differently from each other.
North Korea has been led by people from the same family since it was founded. Kim Jong-un is the current leader, and his grandfather, Kim Il-sung, and father, Kim Jong-il, were the leaders before him. The North Korean government very strictly controls many aspects of its citizens’ lives.vThere isn’t much communication between North Korea and the rest of the world.
Here is a video about Moon and another about the zone that separates the two Koreas.
Image Credits: http://www.korea.net for Moon’s image, m.blog.daum.net for the 38th parallel image, http://www.korea-dpr.com for Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il image
Sources: BBC, CNN, history.com, http://www.korea.net, NowThis