Recently, the Russian government published images of its new Arctic Trefoil military base. The base is on a remote island in the Arctic Ocean situated about 80 degrees north. The base can support 150 people for about 18 months. Why build a base so far out there in the Arctic Ocean?
Currently, floating ice covers the North Pole and part of the area around it. But this ice cover has been decreasing. Scientists believe that the seabed below the Arctic Ocean contains a large amount of oil, minerals, and natural gas. Also, people expect shipping routes to open up in the Arctic region due to the melting ice. It is believed that the Arctic region is going to bring wealth to the nations that own the area.
Five countries lay claims to parts of the Arctic region. These countries are Russia, Canada, Denmark (Greenland is part of Denmark), Norway, and the United States.
With its new military base, Russia is setting up to protect the country’s resources in the Arctic region.
Here is a video about the North Pole.
Did you know?
In 2007, Russians placed their flag on the Arctic seabed below the North Pole.
Did you know?
Vladimir Putin has been Russia’s president since 2012. He was also the country’s president from 2000 to 2008. He served as prime minister from 1999 to 2000, and again from 2008 to 2012.
Image Credits: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov for the Arctic region image, http://mil.ru/files/files/arctic/Arctic.html for the military base’s image
Sources: http://eng.mil.ru/en, http://www.theaustralian.com.au, BBC, NowThis