After 52 years of conflict, the government of Colombia and the guerrilla organization called Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) have reached a peace deal. It took them 4 years of talks to resolve their differences. Guerrillas are groups of people who don’t get along with their country’s government, and fight their country’s army for a cause they feel strongly about. Over the years, FARC has launched many attacks around the country. Over 250,000 people have been killed in this conflict. (Image: Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos (L), Cuban President Raul Castro (C), Farc commander Rodrigo “Timochenko” Londono (R)) Here is a video about the peace deal.
Colombia is named after the famous explorer Christopher Columbus. It was ruled by Spain for approximately 300 years, and won its freedom in the early 1800s. It became part of a country called Gran Colombia for a few years, until Gran Colombia split up and Colombia became an independent nation. Colombia’s capital is Bogota. The official language of the country is Spanish.
Did you know?
There is a similarity in the flags of Venezuela, Ecuador, and Colombia. All three countries were once part of Gran Colombia.
Did you know?
The famous singer Shakira is from Colombia.
Image Credits: http://web.presidencia.gov.co for the peace deal image
Sources: BBC, http://www.biography.com, CIA World Factbook, https://www.britannica.com