The Festival de Cannes (pronounced “kaan”), one of the world’s most famous and prestigious film festivals, was held from May 11 to 22. The festival is held every year in the town of Cannes, France. Film celebrities from all over the world were in attendance. The highest award at the festival is the Palme d’Or (French for “Golden Palm”) which was awarded to the film “I, Daniel Blake” (United Kingdom). The festival is quite large, with about 35,000 film professionals and over 4,000 international journalists in attendance. An unofficial award is also given to the dog that has the best performance in a film. The award is called the Palm Dog. The winner this year went to the dog Nellie for her role as the male Marvin in the American film “Paterson.” Nellie passed away earlier this year.
The Cannes film festival was first held 69 years ago, but that’s only about half as old as film-making itself. Photography, or the art of “still pictures” was invented in the 1820s. It was only in the 1890s that “moving pictures” were invented. The Lumiere brothers, Auguste and Louis (image), invented a device in France to record and show moving pictures. They called it the “cinematographe”, from which we got the word “cinema”. Their first film was “La Sortie des usines Lumière”, which was just 46 seconds long. They did the first paid public showing of their films in Paris, the capital of France, on December 28, 1895. Many scholars view this event as the “birth of cinema”. Years later, Louis Lumiere was asked to become the first president of a film festival – the Festival de Cannes.
You can watch “La Sortie des usines Lumière” here.
Did you know?
“View from the Window at Le Gras” is considered to be amongst the world’s first photographs. It was produced by the French inventor Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in 1826 or 1827. Here is a video about how he created the photograph.
Image Credits: http://www.festival-cannes.com for its logo, http://www.hrc.utexas.edu for Niépce’s photograph
Sources: http://www.hollywoodreporter.com, http://www.palmdog.com, http://www.festival-cannes.com, http://www.hrc.utexas.edu, http://www.earlycinema.com, http://www.britannica.com