Taiwan held presidential elections and Tsai Ing-wen won. She is 59 years old, and will be Taiwan’s first female president. She studied law in Taiwan, the United States, and the United Kingdom. She was a law professor before getting into politics.
Taiwan is an island at a distance of about 100 miles (160 km) from mainland China. The status of Taiwan is a controversy. In the 1940s, there were two main political parties in China – the Nationalists and the Communists. Most of the country was controlled by the Nationalist Party, but the Communists were growing stronger. Soon after World War II, there was a civil war in China and the Nationalists were pushed out. In 1949, they fled to Taiwan and created a government there, calling themselves the Republic of China (ROC). The Communists, in the meantime, took control of mainland China and called it the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Thus, two different parties claimed to be the official government of China. For over 20 years, the United Nations recognized the ROC as the government of China, but switched to the PRC in 1971.
Today, Taiwan has its own government and runs its own economy. China considers Taiwan to be a part of itself. Many countries agree with this but still do business with Taiwan as if it is a separate nation. Many Taiwanese want Taiwan to be an independent country. Both lands have done very well economically, but their governments are very different. Taiwan is a democracy and China is a communist country. Taiwan participates in some international events such as the Olympics under the name “Chinese Taipei”. The capital of Taiwan is Taipei. The image is of Taipei 101, the tallest building in Taiwan that is a landmark of the country.
Image Credits: davidonformosa for the image of Tsai Ing-wen, CIA World Factbook for the map of Taiwan, peellden for the image of Taipei 101
Sources: https://history.state.gov, BBC, Al Jazeera, http://www.olympic.org, https://guidetotaipei.com, http://taiwain.weebly.com, http://www.brookings.edu