New Zealand beat Australia and won the Rugby World Cup, an international men’s rugby union competition, on October 31. The World Cup was held in the United Kingdom. Twenty countries participated in the competition. The Rugby World Cup is held every four years, and was started in 1987.
Rugby union (also referred to as rugby) is an outdoor sport played by two teams of 15 players each. It evolved from football (soccer) in the 1800s. The game is played with an oval shaped ball which can be kicked, passed, or carried by hand. The aim of the game is to get the ball and take it to your opponent’s side of the field, and score as many points as possible. The next World Cup will be held in Japan in 2019.
The cup that is awarded to the winning team of the Rugby World Cup is called the “Webb Ellis Cup”. The cup is named after a man named William Webb Ellis who lived in the United Kingdom in the 1800s. He is credited for coming up with the rugby game. The story is that during a football (soccer) match, Ellis picked up the ball with his hands and ran with the ball in his arms, creating the rugby game. It is unclear if this story is true or not.
This win makes New Zealand the world champions for a third time. New Zealand’s rugby team, All Black, has a tradition of performing a dance called the haka before every match. Haka is a traditional dance of the indigenous people of New Zealand.
Here is a video showing the overview of the World Cup and another showing the All Black performing the haka.
Image Credits: http://www.rugbyworldcup.com/ for the Rugby World Cup’s logo, Carrington & Co, London and Roman.b for the Webb Ellis Cup’s image
Sources: http://www.rugbyworldcup.com, http://www.rugby.com.au, http://www.allblacks.com