The Chinese government announced that it is ending its law referred to as the “one-child policy” which limits a couple to have only one child. Now a couple can have two kids if they please. In the late 1970s, the Chinese government made the one-child policy as it felt that China’s population was growing at a very fast rate. There were a few exceptions to the law, but the majority of Chinese families could have only one child. If somebody broke the law, they were punished by fines, losing their jobs, or other penalties. In 1980, China’s population was just under a billion. Thirty-five years earlier, in 1945, China’s population was just over half a billion. Thirty-five years later, in 2015, China’s population is a bit over 1.3 billion. Chinese leaders are now concerned that as time goes on, there won’t be enough young people to help with the economic growth of the nation and to take care of the elderly people. In 2013, the laws were relaxed and more people were allowed to have two kids, but now, all Chinese families will be allowed.
The capital of China is Beijing. The President of China is Xi Jinping. China is the nation with the largest population in the world, followed by India, the United States, Indonesia, and Brazil.
Sources: http://news.xinhuanet.com, www.britannica.com