Nepal has a new constitution and it came into effect on September 20. It has taken the country’s government many years to draft and agree on a constitution. A constitution is a document that lays down all the rules about how a country and its government function. Nepal was ruled by kings for 240 years until the country’s last king stepped down in 2008. The country became a democracy, a new government was formed, and a new constitution was to be written. The government was given two years to do the job. However, because of disagreements amongst various political parties, it has taken so long. According to the new constitution, the country will be divided into 7 provinces. The country will remain secular, meaning Nepal will not support or oppose any religion. The rhododendron is the national flower, the cow is the national animal, and crimson is the national color.
Nepal is known as the “trekker’s paradise”. Of the 10 highest mountains in the world, 8 are in the country or on its border. The image is of Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world located on the border between Nepal and China. Nepal is also the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, a spiritual leader and the founder of a religion called Buddhism.
Did you know?
Over 80% of Nepalis follow the religion of Hinduism.
Did you know?
Nepal is the only country in the world whose flag is not rectangular or square.
Image Credits: shrimpo1967 and Papa Lima Whiskey 2 for the Mount Everest image
Sources: Times.com, http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/, BBC, http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/, CIA World Factbook, http://www.buddhanet.net