Cave art (image) dating to over 39,000 years old has been discovered inside Gorham’s Cave in Gibraltar. Some scientists believe the drawing was done by a Neanderthal. Was it a map? Was it a way of informing others that somebody lived in the cave? It is not obvious as to what the drawing is about.
Neanderthals were our relatives who lived from about 200,000 to 30,000 years ago in Europe and southwestern to central Asia. It is believed that Neanderthals and modern humans came from a common ancestor between 500,000 and 200,000 years ago. Neanderthals walked upright. They looked like us, but were shorter, stockier, and stronger. They used tools, were able to control fire, lived in shelters, traveled in groups, and wore clothing. It is unclear why they became extinct.
Gibraltar is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom. Here is a timeline of human evolution. Here are two videos about the cave art and human evolution.
Image Credits: AquilaGib (Stewart Finlayson, Gibraltar Museum) for cave art’s image
Sources: http://www.independent.co.uk/, CIA World Factbook, History Alive! The Ancient World, http://www.livescience.com/, economist.com, http://humanorigins.si.edu/