The United Kingdom recently reopened its embassy in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia, after shutting it over 20 years ago. The UK as well as several other countries had shut their embassies in Mogadishu in 1991. At the time, various clans in Somalia had overthrown the government of the country, and a war had broken out. Different groups fought to gain control of the country. In 2004, a government was put in place in Somalia with help from the international community, but this government had not been able to control the country. One of the groups had taken over large parts of Somalia, including parts of the capital. In 2011, with help from troops of other African countries, Mogadishu came back under the government’s control. Last year, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was elected as Somalia’s new president. As time is going on, more of the country is coming back under the government’s control. The UK embassy is currently located in Mogadishu’s airport. This is for safety reasons, since there are many troops guarding the airport.
The UK is not the only country with an embassy in Mogadishu. Turkey, Ethiopia, Iran, and Yemen already have embassies in the city.