Let’s visit Mohenjo Daro, an ancient city in the Indus River valley in Pakistan. The city is believed to be built around 2,600 BC and was one of the most advanced cities in the world at the time. The city was very well planned out, with streets laid out in organized patterns. Houses had bathrooms which connected to sewers and a drainage system. Some homes had two floors. Houses were built with fire-baked bricks. Food was stored in huge rooms that had special pipes for air to keep the food dry. Most of these were not seen in other civilizations at that time.
At its peak, Mohenjo Daro probably had more than 30,000 residents. It was abandoned around 1900 BC (that is almost 4,000 years ago), and was rediscovered only about 100 years ago! Archaeologists don’t know why the city was abandoned, and are still learning new facts about this amazing city.
Image Credits: Comrogues from San Francisco, California for Mohenjo Daro’s image