Nicaragua and Colombia both claimed ownership of a few islands in the Caribbean Sea. To resolve their dispute, they had submitted their side of the story to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in 2001. On November 19, the ICJ announced its decision that the islands (Roncador, Quitasueño, Serrana, Serranilla, Bajo Nuevo, Cayo Bolivar and Alburquerque) belonged to Colombia. The ICJ also settled on what part of the water body belongs to Nicaragua and to Colombia. The International Court of Justice is part of the United Nations and one of its functions is to settle disputes between countries. It is based in The Hague, Netherlands.
Image Credits: International Court of Justice for the map of the ICJ’s descision