Alfred Nobel

Let’s meet Alfred Nobel, a Swedish businessman, chemist, and inventor. Nobel is most known for creating the Nobel Prize, one of the most prestigious awards offered in the world.

Nobel was born in 1833 in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. When he was 9 years old, his family moved to Russia. He grew up there and studied chemistry. He also enjoyed writing poems, novels, and plays. Nobel traveled a lot and spoke five languages. In 1863, he returned to Stockholm. He spent a lot of time trying to create an explosive that could be used to blast rock while doing construction work. In 1867, he succeeded when he invented dynamite. That invention made him very rich. He did research in other areas also such as leather and artificial rubber. He died on December 10, 1896, and in his will, he left a chunk of his wealth to be used for rewarding people who do work to help mankind. This led to the creation of the Nobel Prizes in 1901 in the areas of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. The award for Economics was added later in 1963.