A step towards resolving a conflict in Colombia

After almost 50 years of conflict, the government of Colombia and the guerrilla organization called Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) have decided to meet to resolve their differences. The talks will start in Norway next month.

Guerrillas are groups of people who don’t get along with their country’s government, and fight their country’s army for a cause they feel strongly about. Most such groups usually stay hidden and launch surprise attacks every once in a while. Colombia has some guerrilla groups that the government has been trying to catch for some time, and FARC is the largest one. FARC is a group that represents the farmers and poor people. Its mission has been to overthrow the government by fighting the rich and powerful people who it believes control the country. It has an army of its own, and has about 9,000 people in the group. Over the years, FARC has launched many attacks around the country. It has also been involved in kidnapping people and demanding money for their release.

Colombia is named after the famous explorer Christopher Columbus. It was ruled by Spain for approximately 300 years, and won its freedom in the early 1800s.

It became part of a country called Gran Colombia for a few years, until Gran Colombia split up and Colombia became an independent nation. Colombia’s capital is Bogota. The official language of the country is Spanish. The country is a big exporter of coffee and emeralds.Shakira, the singer who sang “Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)”, the official song for the World Cup Soccer games in 2010, is from Colombia. You can watch the song here.





A famous church in the country is the Las Lajas Sanctuary  in western Colombia. It was built about 60 years ago. There is a similarity in the flags of Venezuela, Ecuador, and Colombia. All three countries were once part of Gran Colombia.

Image Credits: Martin St-Amant for the Las Lajas Sanctuary image