Scientists at CERN, a European research institute, announced that they’ve discovered a new particle. This might be Higgs boson, the particle that they have been searching for over 40 years. The reason scientists have been looking for Higgs boson is because it explains how stuff (atoms, humans, stars, and everything around us) gets mass. Mass is the amount of matter in an object.
In their quest to find Higgs boson, scientists at CERN created a huge machine called the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The LHC consists of a large ring 27 kilometers (17 miles) in length and is 100 meters below the ground under the France-Switzerland border. Two beams of particles, travelling at extremely fast speeds, were made to smash into each other in the ring to generate tons of particles that might help scientists discover Higgs boson.
It will take some time for the scientists to confirm if the particle discovered is the Higgs boson. Higgs boson is named after a scientist, Peter Higgs, in the United Kingdom who had predicted its existence.
Here is the Large Hadron Rap.