Austria, Hungary, and Sudan had elections in the last few weeks to choose new leaders in their government.
In some countries, the most powerful government figure is the Prime Minister, but in some others, it is the President, the Chancellor, the Monarch, or yet some other person. Elections are when citizens of a country vote to choose the leaders they want. Each country has its own government structure and laws to decide who the winner is. In some countries, the citizens vote to choose the one person who will be the leader of the country. In other countries, the citizens vote to choose members of the government, and the leader of the country is selected by the political party that has the most members in the government. And in some countries, the ruler is a Monarch (such as a Queen or a King) – there are no elections, and the title is passed on to a family member.
In Austria, the current president, Heinz Fischer, was re-elected for another 6 years. Austria has given the world some of its most famous composers – Mozart, Haydn, Schubert, and Strauss. Talking about music, the story of the famous movie “Sound of Music” was based in Austria.
In Hungary, Viktor Orbán’s political party won the elections. He is expected to be the next prime minister of the country for four years. Hungary has many thermal springs in the country, and the natural hot water from these springs is channelled into hundreds of public baths around the country. Many Hungarians regularly visit these baths. The country even has Europe’s largest thermal lake called Lake Heviz.
In Sudan, the current president, Omar Hassan al-Bashir, was re-elected. These elections are the country’s first multi-party elections in 24 years! Al-Bashir has been the leader of the country for the last 21 years, and he came to power when a group of army officers forced the previous leader to step down.